There are 2 common types of pepper, which are white pepper and black pepper. So what is the difference between the two types of pepper, and how do you choose the right type of pepper for your business? Check it out!
What is Black pepper?
Black pepper is produced from the still-green, unripe drupe of the pepper plant. The drupes are cooked briefly in hot water, both to clean them and to prepare them for drying. The heat ruptures cell walls in the pepper, speeding the work of browning enzymes during drying. The drupes dry in the sun or by machine for several days, during which the pepper skin around the seed shrinks and darkens into a thin, wrinkled black layer. Once dry, people called the spice as black peppercorn. On some estates, people separated the berries from the stem by hand and then sun-dried without boiling.
People use pepper spirit in many medicinal and beauty products. Pepper oil is also used as an ayurvedic massage oil and in certain beauty and herbal treatments.
What is White pepper?
White pepper consists solely of the seed of the ripe fruit of the pepper plant, with the thin darker-coloured skin (flesh) of the fruit removed. This is usually accomplished by a process known as retting, where fully ripe red pepper berries are soaked in water for about a week so the flesh of the peppercorn softens and decomposes; rubbing then removes what remains of the fruit, and the naked seed is dried. Sometimes people removed the outer layer from the seed through other mechanical, chemical, or biological methods.
Ground white pepper is commonly used in Chinese, Thai, and Portuguese cuisines. It finds occasional use in other cuisines in salads, light-coloured sauces, and mashed potatoes as a substitute for black pepper, because black pepper would visibly stand out. However, white pepper lacks certain compounds present in the outer layer of the drupe, resulting in a different overall flavour.
What is the difference between White Pepper and Black Pepper?
1. Black pepper is hotter: By the time the whole black pepper dries, it has a very strong flavour. Black pepper is rich and bolder. It also has a lot of heat, along with a strong aroma. If you have a milder palette, white pepper is best for you. The flavor is light, earthy and simple. It is useful for spicing up dishes that just need a pinch of flavour. White pepper is best if you are not a fan of heat.
2. Black pepper lasts longer: When kept in an air tight container, whole black peppercorn can last for a year. The pre-ground version, however, loses its best flavor within a few months. This is the reason you can find bottles of whole pepper with built-in grinders. Since white pepper is more “exposed” than black, it loses its flavor much faster. It will turn stale and you might not know it. So if you decide to cook with white pepper, remember it should be fresh.
3. White pepper for lighter, earthy dishes: Apart from flavour, the main difference between black pepper and white pepper is the appearance. People often use black pepper in dishes that are already colourful. If the dish already has a lot of elements in it, black pepper will just blend right in.
Benefit of White Pepper
White pepper works best for those suffering from loss of appetite as it enhances appetite and promotes healthy gout. The spice helps to get rid of secretions from airways. It has anti-inflammatory effect and also freshens breath. White pepper enhances the immune system and tones the overall body. It purifies the body from harmful toxins and promotes circulation. The regular intake of white pepper protects from various cardiovascular diseases and cancers. Monisha goes on to say, ” White pepper helps in preventing cancer by preventing formation of free radicals. It also aids in weight loss due to the presence of capsaicin, that burns fat in the body.”
Benefit of Black Pepper
Apart from enhancing the flavour of the dish, the king of spices can offer a number of health benefits. Regular intake of black pepper in the diet aids in weight loss, improves digestion, boosts metabolism, treat skin problems, asthma, treats sinus and nasal congestion. It also reduces the risk of cancer, and heart and liver ailments. The nutritionist further adds, ” black pepper aids digestion by stimulating enzymes and juices. It is also a remedy that cures cold and cough by stimulating circulation and mucous flow.”
The way of harvesting pepper
People harvested The berries used to make black pepper before they are ripe. Then they cooked and dried, which causes the skin to blacken and become wrinkly.
White pepper, on the other hand, is made from fully ripened berries. People soaked and fermented the ripe berries in water, removing the outer skin. People dried only the inner seed.
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